Learning to Participate in Politics: Evidence from Jewish Expulsion in Nazi Germany (with Dozie Okoye and Mutlu Yuksel)
This paper provides causal evidence on the impacts of socioeconomic circumstances, socialization, and childhood events, on adult political behavior and attitudes, using region-by-cohort variation in exposure to the Jewish expulsions in Nazi Germany as a quasi-experiment. We find that the expulsion of Jewish professionals had significant long-lasting detrimental effects on the political attitudes and beliefs of Germans who were at impressionable years during the Nazi Regime. We further demonstrate that these adverse effects on political behavior and attitudes are explained by the social changes brought about by the expulsions, which led to relatively lower adult socioeconomic status and civic skills for individuals in their impressionable ages exposed to the expulsions. These results are robust to several alternative specifications, composition bias induced by differential migration and mortality rates across regions and cohorts, and also regional differences in economic performance, wartime destruction, urbanization, and party support, during the Nazi Regime.